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Welcome to CardioGene.org!


This Cardiovascular Genetics centric website was created to provide the latest news and information regarding genetic cardiovascular diseases and conditions. We hope to share the information we've researched to help meet the needs of children and families with inherited heart conditions, and provide helpful advice and suggestions of activities, excercises and behavior that promote a healthy heart.

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A Healthy Heart

The role of the heart is to pump blood throughout the body. A normal heart is divided into right and left sides separated by the atrial and ventricular septa or walls. The atria receive the blood from the body (right atrium) or the lungs (left atrium). The blood then flows into the pumping chambers that deliver the blood to the lungs (right ventricle) or the body (left ventricle). The blood picks up oxygen in the lungs and then delivers the oxygen to the body.

Arteries are the blood vessels that take blood away from the heart. Veins are blood vessels returning to the heart.
The four types of valves regulate blood flow through your heart:
* Tricuspid valve: Controls blood flow between the right atrium and right ventricle.
* Pulmonary valve: Controls blood flow from the right ventricle into the pulmonary arteries, which carry blood to your lungs to pick up oxygen.
* Mitral valve: lets oxygen-rich blood from your lungs pass from the left atrium into the left ventricle.
* Aortic valve: opens the way for oxygen-rich blood to pass from the left ventricle into the aorta, your body's largest artery, where it is delivered to the rest of your body.

Infection Control Information

Infection control in the healthcare industry is a sub discipline of epidemiology. It refers to preventing healthcare associated infection my minimizing the risk of spreading infections. The purpose of this disciple is to reduce or eliminate the spreading of infectious diseases. Diseases, which are usually caused by viruses or bacteria can be easily spread by human contact, and occasionally through airborne transmission. Infections can occur even in the most sterile of environments. They occur on average in about five percent of all hospital patients. Infections often lead to prolonged time spent in the hospital.

Infection control was established by the Center of Disease Control (DCD) as a formal discipline during the 1950's. At that time the CDC developed guidelines for infection control procedures for not only hospital and practitioners, but also for child care centers and restaurants, to help lower the the risk.

Each year, the spread of infectious disease and infections cause the the loss of many lives, even in the sanitary conditions found in hospitals and health care centers. There are, however, many steps that can be taken in order to prevent the unnecessary spread of infections and infection disease. In fact, the study if controlling and reducing infection has many steps, including washing your hands, covering your mouth when you cough and sneeze, making sure your immunizations are up to date, and using tissues and hand sanitizers appropriately.

Bradford Health Services

If you find yourself in need of a drug abuse rehab you should strongly consider Bradford Health Services. They are devoted to creating affordable and effective treatment programs for those who are alcohol or drug dependent. This is accomplished by means of numerous innovative outpatient and inpatient services. They bring new hope to patients and their families and are committed to providing drug and alcohol treatment that works for all who are involved. Bradford Health Services is devoted to providing quality care for a reasonable price. They provide addiction treatment services that are highly effective and economically feasible. Bradford Health Services is all about helping people gain sobriety in a compassionate and responsive way.

They not only believe that willingness, openness, and honesty are the keys to recovery, but also believe that they are also the keys to being a responsible healthcare organization and corporate citizen. Bradford Health Services uses documented, measurable treatment outcomes to determine the value of their services and the quality of their care. Bradford Healthy Services has 30 years experience in successfully treating drug addiction. Because of Bradford Health Services, millions of people have regained control over their lives from drug and alcohol addiction and achieved meaning and fulfillment in their lives. In addition to regular treatment programs, Bradford Health Service also offers an extended care program which provides an alternative to the usual protocol of treatment by providing more time for intensive care.

This program exams the external and internal factors that may be trying to prohibit sobriety including work related issues, unresolved trauma or grief issues, or family of origin issues. If you or someone you know needs help, contact Bradford Health Services.

Plastic Surgery And Your Heart

In a culture consumed by image, plastic surgery is most certainly on the rise. The number of procedures performed in 2007 was 25% greater than in 2000. Plastic surgery includes reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. Although it's becoming extremely routine, plastic surgery is major surgery and it comes with all the associated risks. Those risks have been discussed at length on many a plastic surgery forum. The risks may even be greater if you have heart disease. Patients with heart disease have a higher risk of developing a blood clot that can form after surgery and create a dangerous blockage in the bloodstream. The anesthesia required to keep surgery patients unconscious during surgery can also cause problems if your heart is not strong enough.

It is recommended by The American Heart Association that prior to any surgery a patient receive a full clinical evaluation by a cardiologist. The cardiologist will consider such factors as health problems, your age, and the urgency of the surgery. Cosmetic procedures, including cheek implants, nose jobs and face lifts, may not score high on the list of being urgent, however, reconstructive surgery may be considered more necessary. Also a factor will be the type of cosmetic surgery you may be planning to have. Abdominal procedures are among the many surgeries considered to be a higher risk for heart patients. Your medication will also need to be considered. You may need to stop taking blood thinners, if you are on them, as your surgery date approaches.

Even after you have received the tenuous OK from your cardiologist, be sure to bring up your heart issues with your cosmetic surgeon. Cosmetic surgeons often have concerns about operating on someone with your condition. In some states, legislation is underway that will mandate cosmetic surgeons to require a full physical evaluation as a prerequisite for all their patients. Another important thing to know: The heart risks of cosmetic procedures are not limited to those associated with the scalpel. An injection to collapse spider veins causing them to fade from view, known as sclerotherapy, is not recommended for heart disease patients. Even chemical peels can result in serious problems. The phenol which is used for dead skin removal can cause blood pressure elevation and arrhythmias after it is absorbed.

The bottom line is that you should ask your cardiologist and your plastic surgeon to help you understand the risks in your specific case. The risks may be worth the benefits, but you'll want professional input to be sure.

Depression And A Healthy Heart

As many as 15 percent of patients who have cardiovascular disease and as many as 20 percent of patients who have had coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery experience some form of major depression. Numerous studies have demonstrated that mental stress has a marked negative effect on a person’s heart health. In particular, untreated stress can lead to irregular heart rhythms, arterial damage, a weakened immune system, and high blood pressure. Patients who suffer from depression have also been shown to have elevated pro inflammatory markers (such as C-reactive protein or CRP) and increased platelet reactivity, all of which are all risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Depression can also increase the risk of an adverse cardiac event such as a blood clots or heart attack for people with heart disease. Depression can also increase the risk the development of coronary artery disease for people who do not have heart disease.

It was determined during one landmark study that the continued presence of depression after recovery that within 6 months after a heart attack, the risk of death (mortality) was increased 17 percent (verses 3 percent who didn't exhibit symptoms of depression). During recovery from heart surgery, depression can cause a person to withdraw into social isolation, have worsened fatigue, and intensified pain. Patients who have untreated depression and who have had CABG after surgery also have increased mortality and morbidity. Patients with depression and heart failure also have an increased mortality risk as well as an increased risk of being readmitted to the hospital. Some early research findings have indicated there may be genetic factors that increase a patient’s risk of recurrent cardiac events after a heart attack and depression. Patients with depression and heart disease also perceive a poorer health status, as determined by numerous studies involving Quality of Life (QoL).

Furthermore, it has been determined that heart disease patients who have depression have worse medication and treadmill exercise adherence than do patients with heart disease without depression. Negative lifestyle habits associated with depression, such as lack of social support, poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive alcohol consumption and smoking, interfere with heart disease treatment. Depression has been proven to be an important such a risk factor in heart disease that it (AHA) has been recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) that all cardiac patients should be screened for depression by using simple screening questions and an easy to administer survey called the Patient Health Questionnaire. Therefore it is imperative for heart patients that you insure good mental health by using a mental health counseling service such as counseling maryland to help ensure that you mental health doesn't contribute to your heart disease.

Drug Abuse And Your Heart

Although drug abuse can have devastating effects on your body as a whole, the effects on your heart can be particularly debilitating. Methamphetamine use can cause an elevated heart rate and lead to cardiac damage. Cocaine has been linked to stroke and heart attack. Even tobacco causes and increased risk for hardening of the arteries which can lead to a heart attack.

The good news is that there are drug treatment programs throughout the United States that can successfully deal with drug addiction with success rates as high as 70%. These treatment programs deal with the physical, mental and emotional reasons that addicts relapse. The treatment programs take place in a drug rehab where they learn to take back control of their lives without drug abuse or alcoholism.

The process of alchol rehabilitation is different for everybody but basically consists of detoxification and education designed to stabilize the individual so that the person can comfortably exist without alcohol. Treatment plans are sometimes tailored to the individual's specific needs but always address all aspects of an individual's alcohol addiction. So if you or someone you know is suffering from drug or alcohol addiction, check out the Internet and see if you can't help find a rehabilitation center to help that person in need. You just might be saving his or her life.. literally.

Drug Effects On Your Heart And Health

Taking any kinds of drugs poses a special risk for the cardiac patient or those who are at risk for heart disease. In addition to street drugs, even over the counter medications, especially those with addictive qualities can have serious side effects. That is why it is so very important that the cardiovascular patient recognize this and seek Drug Rehabilitation treatment.

Drug Rehabs offer a variety of facilities from the economical to the luxurious. From residential settings to individual settings these rehabs offer as much as you, or your insurance, can afford. But the truth is that the physical amenities have as much to do with the successful rehabilitation of a patient as the individual treatment program does. For example, some rehabs include sauna treatment which is claimed to help rid the body of harmful residual chemicals in the body.

The individual Drug Rehab program is the other important part of any sucessful drug treatment program. These programs offer intense counseling and educational programs as well as finding the root cause of the drug use. There is no fixed amount of time for an individual to stay in a treatment program as it takes as long as it takes, though most report successful completion within 3 - 6 months. Regardless of the amount of time it takes it is well worth it for the cardiovascular patient to get clean.. After all it is in the best interest of patient.

How To Save Money Printing Cardiovascular Materials

Printing your own promotional and marketing material such as brochures, booklets, posters, and business cards for your cardiovascular business can be a valuable tool in increasing your sales opportunities. Basically there are three ways to go about this: 1) Design your own material and take it to an expensive print shop to do the printing; 2) Let the print shop do the designing and printing for you, or; 3) Use a less expensive online design and print shop do all the work for you.

Take booklet printing for example. Most online services offer custom graphic design and a complimentary library of design templates. Additional benefits include a variety of booklet sizes, best quality offset digital printing services, various paper stock and binding options, and direct mailing services all available with extremely quick turnaround times and at discount prices.

Small health care business nationwide rely on the competitive products and services that online print shops offer to generate promotional and marketing material, rather than using expensive print shops... and that is how to save money printing Cardiovascular Materials.

Alcohol and Your Heart

The effects alcohol has on your heart are mixed. While many doctors consider that drinking alcohol in moderation can be somewhat beneficial in raising HDL or "good" cholesterol and lowering high blood pressure, most doctors do not recommend drinking alcohol to improve heart health. The benefits achieved from drinking alcohol can be safely achieved through diet and exercise without any of the risk factors such as alcoholism or the risks inherent to those with high blood pressure, and irregular heart rhythm, obesity, high triglycerides or those already taking heart medication.

Alcohol Rehabilitation is a personal process that begins with the selection of a suitable Alcohol Rehab Program. There are numerous Alcohol Rehabs, Programs, and facilities throughout the United States and the advantages and disadvantages of each can be discovered on the Internet.

So what makes a good Rehab Program and facility? First, it has to be in your price range. Second it must must cater not only to the problem in general but to the individual in particular. The ratio of counselors to patients is one consideration of particular importance. It should be noted that individual recovery can only come from the patient himself and the programs that don't recognize that are doomed to failure. On the other hand, those facilities and caregivers that do recognize that principle generally have a much higher success rate.

Treatments Designed To Help Prevent Heart Failure

There are many clinical studies regarding the study of cardiovascular disease and the treatments to help prevent heart failure. These studies include everything from cardio vascular diagnosis to the various methods of treatment. The diagnoses are usually associated with various genetic heart conditions. The treatments are often as varied as the diagnoses.

A heart failure study is generally conducted to determine how safe a particular heart saving device is and who is eligible to receive it. They are conducted by a Clinical Research Team who are dedicated to their craft.

A heart failure treatment plan is designed to implement a cure or resolution once the diagnosis is determined and the patient is deemed eligible for a particular treatment. These treatments can range from everything from lifestyle modifications with medications to open heart surgery to complete heart transplants. The treatment depends on the individual patient and the severity of the disease. It is important to remember that you are not alone in this ongoing battle.. There are 5 million people that are affected with this disease in the United States alone.

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